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WebRTC音频通话升级为视频通话

更新日期: 2021-12-17
  • 2021-12-17 创建文档

我们有时候在音频通话过程中,想要改成视频通话。如果挂断当前通话再重新发起视频通话就会显得比较麻烦。 因此很多app提供了将音频通话升级成视频通话的功能,同时也有将视频通话降为音频通话的功能。

本文演示的是在本地模拟音频通话,并且将音频通话升级为视频通话。

准备

界面很简单,2个video加上几个按钮。

<video id="localVideo" playsinline autoplay muted></video>
<video id="remoteVideo" playsinline autoplay></video>

<div>
    <button id="startBtn">开始</button>
    <button id="callBtn">Call</button>
    <button id="upgradeBtn">升级为视频通话</button>
    <button id="hangupBtn">挂断</button>
</div>

用的是本地的adapter

<script src="../../src/js/adapter-2021.js"></script>

js

先来把元素拿到

const startBtn = document.getElementById('startBtn');
const callBtn = document.getElementById('callBtn');
const upgradeToVideoBtn = document.getElementById('upgradeBtn');
const hangupBtn = document.getElementById('hangupBtn');
const localVideo = document.getElementById('localVideo');   // 本地预览
const remoteVideo = document.getElementById('remoteVideo'); // 接收方

监听器

设置一些监听

localVideo.addEventListener('loadedmetadata', function () {
    console.log(`localVideo 宽高: ${this.videoWidth}px, ${this.videoHeight}px`);
});

remoteVideo.addEventListener('loadedmetadata', function () {
    console.log(`remoteVideo 宽高: ${this.videoWidth}px, ${this.videoHeight}px`);
});

let startTime;
remoteVideo.onresize = () => {
    console.log(`remoteVideo onresize 宽高: ${remoteVideo.videoWidth}x${remoteVideo.videoHeight}`);
    if (startTime) {
        const elapsedTime = window.performance.now() - startTime;
        console.log(`建立连接耗时: ${elapsedTime.toFixed(3)}ms`);
        startTime = null;
    }
};

startBtn.onclick = start;
callBtn.onclick = call;
upgradeToVideoBtn.onclick = upgrade;
hangupBtn.onclick = hangup;

打一些状态变化的log

function onCreateSessionDescriptionError(error) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:创建会话描述失败, session description err: ${error.toString()}`);
}

function onIceStateChange(pc, event) {
    if (pc) {
        console.log(`rustfisher.com:${getName(pc)} ICE状态: ${pc.iceConnectionState}`);
        console.log('rustfisher.com:ICE状态变化: ', event);
    }
}

function onAddIceCandidateSuccess(pc) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:${getName(pc)} addIceCandidate success 添加ICE候选成功`);
}

function onAddIceCandidateError(pc, error) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:${getName(pc)} 添加ICE候选失败 failed to add ICE Candidate: ${error.toString()}`);
}

function onSetLocalSuccess(pc) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:${getName(pc)} setLocalDescription 成功`);
}

function onSetSessionDescriptionError(error) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:设置会话描述失败: ${error.toString()}`);
}

function onSetRemoteSuccess(pc) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:${getName(pc)} 设置远程描述成功 setRemoteDescription complete`);
}

// 辅助方法
function getName(pc) {
    return (pc === pc1) ? 'pc1' : 'pc2';
}

function getOtherPc(pc) {
    return (pc === pc1) ? pc2 : pc1;
}

开始

获取本地的音频数据流,交给localVideo

function gotStream(stream) {
    console.log('获取到了本地数据流');
    localVideo.srcObject = stream;
    localStream = stream;
    callBtn.disabled = false;
}

function start() {
    console.log('请求本地数据流 纯音频');
    startBtn.disabled = true;
    navigator.mediaDevices
        .getUserMedia({ audio: true, video: false })
        .then(gotStream)
        .catch(e => alert(`getUserMedia() error: ${e.name}`));
}

call

发起音频呼叫

function call() {
    callBtn.disabled = true;
    upgradeToVideoBtn.disabled = false;
    hangupBtn.disabled = false;
    console.log('开始呼叫...');
    startTime = window.performance.now();
    const audioTracks = localStream.getAudioTracks();
    if (audioTracks.length > 0) {
        console.log(`使用的音频设备: ${audioTracks[0].label}`);
    }
    const servers = null; // 就在本地测试
    pc1 = new RTCPeerConnection(servers);
    console.log('创建本地节点 pc1');
    pc1.onicecandidate = e => onIceCandidate(pc1, e);
    pc2 = new RTCPeerConnection(servers);
    console.log('rustfisher.com:创建模拟远端节点 pc2');
    pc2.onicecandidate = e => onIceCandidate(pc2, e);
    pc1.oniceconnectionstatechange = e => onIceStateChange(pc1, e);
    pc2.oniceconnectionstatechange = e => onIceStateChange(pc2, e);
    pc2.ontrack = gotRemoteStream;

    localStream.getTracks().forEach(track => pc1.addTrack(track, localStream));
    console.log('rustfisher.com:将本地数据流交给pc1');

    console.log('rustfisher.com:pc1开始创建offer');
    pc1.createOffer(offerOptions).then(onCreateOfferSuccess, onCreateSessionDescriptionError);
}

function gotRemoteStream(e) {
    console.log('获取到远程数据流', e.track, e.streams[0]);
    remoteVideo.srcObject = null;
    remoteVideo.srcObject = e.streams[0];
}

function onIceCandidate(pc, event) {
    getOtherPc(pc)
        .addIceCandidate(event.candidate)
        .then(() => onAddIceCandidateSuccess(pc), err => onAddIceCandidateError(pc, err));
    console.log(`${getName(pc)} ICE candidate:\n${event.candidate ? event.candidate.candidate : '(null)'}`);
}

function onCreateOfferSuccess(desc) {
    console.log(`pc1提供了offer\n${desc.sdp}`);
    console.log('pc1 setLocalDescription start');
    pc1.setLocalDescription(desc).then(() => onSetLocalSuccess(pc1), onSetSessionDescriptionError);
    console.log('pc2 setRemoteDescription start');
    pc2.setRemoteDescription(desc).then(() => onSetRemoteSuccess(pc2), onSetSessionDescriptionError);
    console.log('pc2 createAnswer start');
    pc2.createAnswer().then(onCreateAnswerSuccess, onCreateSessionDescriptionError);
}

function onCreateAnswerSuccess(desc) {
    console.log(`rustfisher.com:pc2应答成功:  ${desc.sdp}`);
    console.log('pc2 setLocalDescription start');
    pc2.setLocalDescription(desc).then(() => onSetLocalSuccess(pc2), onSetSessionDescriptionError);
    console.log('pc1 setRemoteDescription start');
    pc1.setRemoteDescription(desc).then(() => onSetRemoteSuccess(pc1), onSetSessionDescriptionError);
}

  • 创建RTCPeerConnection
  • 设置onicecandidate监听ICE候选
  • 设置oniceconnectionstatechange监听ICE连接状态变化
  • 接收方监听ontrack
  • 发送方pc1 addTrack将当前数据流添加进去
  • 发送方pc1创建offer createOffer
  • pc1创建好offer后,接收方pc2应答 createAnswer

升级到视频通话

upgrade()方法处理升级操作

function upgrade() {
    upgradeToVideoBtn.disabled = true;
    navigator.mediaDevices
        .getUserMedia({ video: true })
        .then(stream => {
            console.log('rustfisher.com:获取到了视频流');
            const videoTracks = stream.getVideoTracks();
            if (videoTracks.length > 0) {
                console.log(`video device: ${videoTracks[0].label}`);
            }
            localStream.addTrack(videoTracks[0]);
            localVideo.srcObject = null; // 重置视频流
            localVideo.srcObject = localStream;
            pc1.addTrack(videoTracks[0], localStream);
            return pc1.createOffer();
        })
        .then(offer => pc1.setLocalDescription(offer))
        .then(() => pc2.setRemoteDescription(pc1.localDescription))
        .then(() => pc2.createAnswer())
        .then(answer => pc2.setLocalDescription(answer))
        .then(() => pc1.setRemoteDescription(pc2.localDescription));
}
发送方去获取音频数据流getUserMedia。 将音频轨道添加进localStream,并且发送方也要添加轨道 pc1.addTrack。 创建offer createOffer

后面就是接收方pc2应答

挂断

简单的挂断功能如下

function hangup() {
    console.log('rustfisher.com:挂断');
    pc1.close();
    pc2.close();
    pc1 = null;
    pc2 = null;

    const videoTracks = localStream.getVideoTracks();
    videoTracks.forEach(videoTrack => {
        videoTrack.stop();
        localStream.removeTrack(videoTrack);
    });

    localVideo.srcObject = null;
    localVideo.srcObject = localStream;

    hangupBtn.disabled = true;
    callBtn.disabled = false;
}
主要是把呼出方的流关闭掉

代码流程描述图

将用户的操作(按钮)和主要代码对应起来

效果预览

效果预览请参考音频通话升级到视频通话


WebRTC系列

本文也发布在

华为云社区 cnblog

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